Academicus: Journal of Teaching and Learning is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics and takes all possible measures against any publication malpractices. Submitting authors should ensure that their work complies with these ethical policies. Our publication ethics are based on COPE’s (Committee on Publication Ethics) Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and the International Standards for authors and editors. Below are the key aspects of our publication ethics:

Duties of Editors
- Fair Play: Manuscripts shall be evaluated for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
- Confidentiality: Editors and editorial staff will not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
- Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor’s own research without the express written consent of the author.

Duties of Reviewers
- Contribution to Editorial Decisions
: Peer review assists editors in making editorial decisions and, through editorial communications with authors, may also assist authors in improving their papers.
- Promptness: Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse themselves from the review process.
- Confidentiality: Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
- Objectivity: Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
- Acknowledgement of Sources: Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation.

Duties of Authors
- Reporting Standards
: Authors should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper.
- Originality and Plagiarism: Authors must ensure that they have written entirely original works. If the authors have used the work and/or words of others, this must be appropriately cited.
- Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication: Authors should not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently. It is also expected that the authors will not publish redundant manuscripts or manuscripts describing the same research in more than one journal.
- Acknowledgement of Sources: Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given.
- Authorship of the Paper: Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study.

Allegations of Misconduct
Any allegations of misconduct will be investigated promptly and in accordance with COPE guidelines. Retraction or correction of articles will occur if the editorial board finds evidence of misconduct or error.

By submitting their work to Academicus: Journal of Teaching and Learning, authors are assumed to agree with the journal’s publication ethics. Any violations may result in consequences including, but not limited to, the rejection of the manuscript, retraction of published articles, and notification to relevant authorities or institutions.

We strive to ensure the integrity of the academic record and believe in the importance of ethical publishing. We invite all contributors to support this commitment.